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Stock Indices & Popular Global Stock Indices Explained

Understanding or evaluating the entire stock market is nearly impossible. But in order to gauge the stock market, you need stock indices. In statistics, there is a particular method called sampling. Through this method, you can collect some data, analyze the same and provide a general understanding of the matter. Stock indices work the same way. They, too, are a part of this statistical measure that helps to understand the ups and downs of the market. For a stock index, you need to have a similar group of stocks selected on the basis of company size, type, or market capitalization. Minor fluctuations in individual securities will impact the overall performance of the index. Visit MultiBank Group

But how does it help an investor? Well, indices can be helpful in understanding the portfolio of the securities you plan on investing in. Suppose a certain index is working well; you can take a deeper look into it and figure out which sector it is. You can plan to invest in that sector while keeping a close look at the index. It can also help you to figure out which stock to invest in. You will be able to understand and study the market flow and manage your resources properly. You can even check the index to see which stock is outperforming the others and which is falling beyond the average mark. So, it helps you steer clear from investing in a stock that yields lower returns.

Understanding the Concept of Global Indices

Global indices help to create a benchmark to analyze the progress or fall in the global market. This process involves clubbing the highly liquid and valued stocks from all listed stocks in the global market. The fluctuations and movements in these stocks, indices, or portfolios help to determine the Global indices. An upward movement of these stocks denotes a strong and rising market. A downward movement indicates that the market is falling. Calculating the index value is crucial, and it might take a minute to understand the concept. The individual stock prices help to derive the index value.

Every stock might perform differently, so to determine the market value, you must multiply the prices by the number of shares in the index. The weight of each stock depends on the relevance of the individual market value to the total market value of an index. Investors follow different indices globally, like in the US; the most popular are NASDAQ, S & P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average, and more. Here are some more details about certain indices.

NASDAQ

It is a capitalization-weighted index with more than 3700 stocks listed on the exchange. It broadly weighed towards the technology sector and is useful for financial market analysis. The technology sector owns about half of the index and is three times more than the index value of any other sector.

The index value is the sum of the market capitalization of all the index units depending on the current price of the stock.

DAX Stock Index

Created in 1988, with a starting index of 1,163 points, DAX currently tracks 40 large companies that trade on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. It acts as the benchmark for European and German stocks, and investors get a deep understanding of Germany’s economy through this index.

US Wall 30 Stock Index

Also known as the Dow Jones Industrial Average or DJIA, it is one of the oldest indices. It traces the performance of 30 large public companies in the US. It uses the price-weighted index to calculate the index value, which means the price of the stock per share, then divided by a divisor.

Things to Keep In Mind While Dealing With Indices

There are different ways to calculate a particular index, and every method has pros and cons. For example, the price-weighted index method uses a divisor that depends on spinoffs, stock splits, and other market changes. So, if the price is the determiner for the weightage, then other factors like the market size of the sector or the market capitalization do not have any function.

On the other hand, if market-cap is the sole determinant, then everything depends on it, which also acts as a bias. So, even though small-cap companies give higher returns, their market cap is less, and so is their weightage. The idea is to keep in mind these biases while dealing with or analyzing indices.

On the bright side, you can get a solid understanding of the market, and historical analysis will help you predict the way the market will move. So, choose a trading platform that helps investors make a better choice.

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