Mango is one of the major fruits of Asia. Mango is an Asian fruit among other fruits. The Malay, Chinese, Japanese, and Indian cultures also believe in the medicinal value of mango and it has been used by them for thousands of years.
Mango, scientifically called Mangifera Indica, is a large member of the sweet orange family (Ricinus communis). Mangoes across the globe grow on different types of trees.
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How many types of mangoes are there in Pakistan?
Some of the best-known varieties and types of Mangoes Pakistan Export are:
- Anwar Retol
Which Variety of mango is best?
All the varieties of mangoes in Pakistan are found to be the best in Pakistan but the variety that is considered as the best and exported all over the world are categorized as:
- SINDHRI MANGO
- CHAUNSA MANGO
- RED KIND ( LAL BADSHAH )
- ANWAR RATOL
What types are Pakisani Mangoes?
There are almost 500+ varieties of Mangoes in Pakistan but the most loved and exported variety of mango is the chaunsa. Chaunsa is one of the best and loved among the types of mangoes in Pakistan that is loved all over the world.
Which Pakistani Mango is the sweetest?
Everyone has their own preference about the varieties of mangoes but according to the research in the case of sweetest mango Langra is found to be the best sweetest mango in Pakistan. Langra is most preferable all over the world.
Pakistani mangoes in Pakistan are mainly being grown in different types of tropical forests. These forests are decimated due to environmental factors, but this does not affect the taste of the mangoes. These are cultivated in states of Pakistan like Multan, Sindh, Faisalabad. They are mostly being grown as crops, which are exported to various parts of the world.
Types of Mangoes in Florida
One of the popularly known types of mangoes is the Florida mango. This variety is mostly grown in Florida in the southern United States of America. It is a very hardy and forgiving fruit, but it is sensitive to soil conditions. It should be planted in acidic soils. This variety is highly in demand because of its large eating quality and sweet taste. This kind of mango is easily available and can be found at local eating establishments and malls across the country.
Another common type of mangoes is the Neelam or sweet bedlam. These mangoes have a sweet flavor and are mostly eaten as snacks. They are usually red, yellow, or green in color. They are easy to grow and their meat can be found in a variety of recipes.
Rare Varieties of Mangoes
Some of the most expensive and rare varieties of mangoes are the Kashmir mangoes which are also known by the name of ‘God’s Own Country’ mangoes. These mangoes are usually available at a price higher than normal because of their excellent quality. It has a deep-green, shiny golden color and is valued for its flavor. There is also a type of mango called the Arabian mangoes. This variety is popular for its size and is cultivated in Rajasthan, India.
Classification of Mangoes
The most popular mango varieties are the mangoes classified in the categories of hard, soft, and Malda. Hardoi is the mango that is classified as the cold-tolerant one and the other types are classified under hardoi.
Malda is classified under softoi. Hardoi mangoes are firmer in texture and have a fuller flavor when eaten. As compared to other types of mangoes, hardoi varieties taste better when eaten raw or cooked.
Mango fruit is classified into two categories, green and dark. The green varieties are those that have red flesh while the dark ones have yellowish color flesh. These mangoes are best eaten when raw and there are several recipes that can be prepared using its fruit pulp. Mango juice is considered the perfect refreshment during summer and is known to bring down the temperature within seconds.
The mangoes are ranked according to their aromatic value according to research done by the mango-lovers. The highest rank goes to the Badami mangoes, which are noted for their exotic and rich aroma.
The mangoes with fragrances ranked lower are calabash, longan, kurma, large, and manuka. All the mango varieties have different and wonderful aromas with different characteristics.
One important fact about mangoes is that they have a very good storage life. Mango gets ripened in three to five months’ time in most of the places across Neelam and Pakistan.
They do not get soft in one year’s time. During summers they get soft and when it comes to winter they start storing heat. Some of the varieties like kurma, longan, and Neelam have a deep yellow color, which increases the aroma when they ripen and when they are stored.
Importance of Mango in Pakistan and Food Supply
Mango, sweet tropical fruit with a distinctive scent, is popular all over the world for its exotic, bright red color, taste, and aroma. A large portion of mangoes harvested each year is used for preparing mango juice. Other products prepared from this berry are dried mangos, candied mango, and several other forms of exploited mangosteen.
Mango commonly called the mangosteen. Mango is native to eastern Asia and mainly grows in the desert regions of South Asia. This fruit has a distinctly sweet, sour, bitter, and pungent (fruit-sweet and pungent) odor which has made it very popular among local people of various cultures. It is one of the most famous and well-known fruits among locals and foreign visitors alike.
The mango has a thick skin that is coated with a brownish powder and it is the stem portion that exudes the flavor. This fruit species is widely cultivated throughout the Asian subcontinent and its geographical distribution extends from northern India, Northern Thailand, southern China, Malaysia, western Burma, northern Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, northern Korea and surrounding regions of Japan.
The tree is well known for its latex which is the main source of its rich sweetness and it is also known for the large number of malic acid compounds that make it more sweet. Mangoes normally have a single stamen leaf and there are several types of mangoes, but the commonest ones are the Chaunsa, Langra, Chikanga, Mango, Faguna, Harinaki, Mango, Tuli and Walkera varieties.
The Chaunsa mango is the sweetest among all the mango varieties with moderate sweetness and is native to northern India, where it is now grown in different parts of Asia. These are now available locally in varying grades.
Mango lovers enjoy eating mangoes because of their wide variety of flavors and textures that make it one of the most favorite foods of people across cultures. There are different types of mangoes available depending on the place of their origin and the time of harvest.
Some of the most popular ones are – Chaunsa, Langra, Mango, Faguna, Harinaki, Mango, Tuli, and Walkera. These four varieties are commonly grown in different parts of India and they each have their own special features and unique taste.
Mango is used in different traditional meals as one of the main ingredients and also a prominent drink. It has a sweet taste and is considered as an excellent energy food. This is the reason why it is one of the most consumed fruits. In India, Gujarat has one of the largest mango plantations in India and the mango is a vital part of the local economy of the state. The sweet taste of these mangoes is known to refresh the mind and helps in improving concentration levels.
Some of the more popular and best-known mango varieties in India are – Sagar, Mambino, Sumatra, Karanj, Nanban, Papu, Kohinoor, Sidra, Bajra, Diamond, Singharaja, Ambada, Rabri, Rabindra, Shelton, etc.
These mango varieties are widely grown in tropical and sub-tropical climates of India and are an important part of the local cuisine. A large part of the mango growth occurs in Asia as there are various islands there where it grows quite naturally.
Mango is known to have the most vitamin C in the world as well as iron, phosphorous, manganese, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and zinc. In addition to this, it is also rich in potassium, carotene, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, folic acid, inositol, sodium, sugar, and fiber.
Harvesting of Mangoes
Mango is generally harvested after the ripe fruit but the yield depends largely on climatic conditions. In order to harvest the mango variety it needs to be washed properly using water and then left to dry completely. After this the pulp can then be manually picked from the dry skin.
The Mango pulp is considered to be the most nutritious fruit in the world as it contains a high content of tryptophan which is an amino acid that is essential for human beings. Due to this fact, Mango is now commonly used as a protein supplement.
Besides this the Mango is also mainly grown for its yellow color, which is considered to be very good for teeth, eyes, skin, hair and health of the body as a whole.